Gastric Sleeve Surgery, also known as Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, is the best surgical choice for weight loss and the most recommended by bariatric surgeons. With this procedure, the stomach volume is decreased by as much as 80%. Since it is a laparoscopic surgery, it requires just four little incisions and leaves negligible scarring. The technique includes lifting up the side piece of the stomach, leaving a “sleeve”, a much smaller stomach pouch, that way decreasing stomach volume by 80%, yet leaving a completely functioning stomach. (see the chart).
The patient will be prescribed an appropriate diet, during the recovery period, of clear soups, slowly progressing to fluids, creamed food, and soft meals, before having the capacity to come back to a normal eating routine, during the next 5 weeks.
Why is Gastric Sleeve Surgery Performed?
Gastric surgery is generally performed on overweight patients, who have attempted to get their weight down through withholding from food. This surgical alternative has effectively helped a huge number of patients to recover their well-being and self-esteem. The patient does not need to be excessively overweight, to enjoy the advantage from the gastric sleeve surgery. Studies have confirmed this surgery to be especially useful for weight control though for moderately overweight patients, and those attempting to keep their sugar levels under control. Of course, there are other bariatric surgeries, for example, gastric banding, gastric by-pass, gastric balloon, and the gastric sleeve surgery has a few convenient advantages, for example:
• Scarring is reduced thanks to laparoscopic surgery.
• It is less intrusive than a gastric by-pass surgery
• The intestinal tract won’t be disturbed
• No external devices are implanted inside the body, unlike to the lap band procedure.
• There is no danger of “dumping disorder”.
• 65% weight reduction can be accomplished in a single year
• Should the required weight loss rate not be accomplished, the patient can undergo gastric detour surgery.
• Immediate reducing of pulse and sugar levels
• Metabolic functions stay intact
How the Gastric Sleeve Works
Since this surgery definitely decreases the volume of food that can enter the patient’s stomach at once, the patient can’t eat large amounts. The patient will need to eat small meals, every 3 hours. Eating less food, all the more habitually, the patient will lose weight in a healthy way.
The stomach creates a hormone called “Ghrelin”, which stimulates the sense of appetite in the brain. When the main section of the stomach is removed, a smaller amount of “Ghrelin” is produced. With levels of Ghrelin lower, the patient does not feel such a compelling impulse to eat, and it additionally makes it easier to feel satisfied by the smaller amounts of food in a meal. Before long the patient will get used to eating small amounts, and since they have dropped so much weight so effectively, they would never need to go back to overeating.
The most common advantage of gastric sleeve surgery, compared with abstaining from food, is that with eating less, you are continually battling the desire to eat. Since your ghrelin levels are high, the stomach is always sending appetite signals to the brain. Additionally, with the high ghrelin levels, a person feels weak and tired. This happens because the hormone triggers the system of the body to slow down your digestion system. It makes dieting feel like a kind of torture, thus individuals drop off the wagon finally. On the contrary, with the gastric sleeve surgery, you will not experience uncontrollable desire to eat, your metabolism will not slow down, and you don’t feel tired and weak that easily. It genuinely makes getting in shape a lot less difficult. This is, additionally the reason behind why numerous people sometimes lose a certain amount of weight while consuming fewer calories, however, once the diet is over, a person returns to habit of eating the same amount of food as they did before the diet started. Sometimes, more food is eaten to compensate to adjust the time that the body was put on an eating regimen. Accordingly, weight loss through slimming down is regularly not permanent, unlike weight loss through gastric sleeve surgery.
Facts Concerning Ghrelin
In 1999, Japanese researchers discovered the ghrelin hormones. Later on, it was confirmed by American specialists that these hormones were directly in charge of stimulating appetite. To this date, ghrelin is known as the main hormone that produces this impact.
In 2009, CBS did a documentary about the ghrelin hormone between one of their 60 Minutes scenes. On that scene, they reviewed the experience of a certain Jim Rudolph who had at first measured 460 lbs, however, had that figure reduced by 190, lbs after a gastric reduction surgery. In spite of the fact that an uncommon stomach decrease had an enormous role in his weight reduction, it was then confirmed that the loss of appetite was a significant factor.
Rudolph said that he no more felt the need to eat a lot. This was on the grounds that the body was no more delivering the ghrelin hormones that go into the circulatory system and instruct the mind that the body needs to eat.
Another astonishing fact about ghrelin is that the level of these hormones actually increases when an individual goes on an eating regime. As expected, with a greater amount of these hormones shown in the blood stream, a person will persistently feel the increase in appetite and feeling of hunger. This is the reason why people who are on the regime of eating small amounts of food fail to lose weight and quickly regain the weight they’ve lost.
With gastric sleeve surgery, the patient will have the capacity to get thinner permanently, because of the reduction of the stomach’s capacity and less producing of the ghrelin hormones that are directly in charge of increasing appetite.